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Light up your garden naturally

Light up your garden naturally



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Nicolas Chaussabel is a member of the Atout Vert landscaping network. He founded Chaussabel Paysages in Aubenas, specializing in garden lighting. Interview by Nadège Monschau What aesthetic approach should you take to highlight your garden? With the equipment we have today, the possibilities are endless. Two main principles must nevertheless be observed. The first: avoid over-lighting. To create a pleasant atmosphere, it is better to keep some gray areas. In a garden of 50 m2, two to three light points arranged in well-felt angles can be more than enough. Second rule: direct the spots towards the frame and not towards the places of passage or the neighborhood, under penalty of dazzling the inhabitants. Otherwise, everyone is free to choose the elements of the decor to highlight: a beautiful massif, a flowerbed, a corner decorated with a gazebo ... Some species are however difficult to value. Beech trees require very powerful spotlights. On the other hand, trees with long or curved leaves, such as yuccas and palm trees, can be lit with small spotlights, because they project light well. Are there any security standards to follow? The intervention of a professional is, in general, required. Unless the user only uses lamps with very low safety voltage (T.B.T.S., 12 volts) and already has an external socket to connect the system. Another priority: buy compliant lamps, able to withstand bad weather, as well as a transformer with adequate power, calculated according to the number of light points desired ... A T.B.T.S. does not require digging trenches that distort the landscape: the wires can be placed on the edge of clumps and covered with bark, or buried in a few picks under a lawn, to secure the passage of the mower. How to proceed for the installation? In two stages. During the day, we reflect on the overall project and install the equipment. The cables are then connected to the transformer, then the lamps are installed by radiating over thirty meters around the house. At night, we check the rendering. And we adjust the position of the spots until the desired effect is obtained. What types of luminaires to choose? It all depends on the usage. On a facade, portholes or sconces work wonders. For flower beds, which change with the seasons, it is better to provide mobile sources, easy to move. The small projectors offer great comfort in use. They can be built into a wall, hung on a branch like a Christmas wreath or simply placed on the floor. And therefore oriented as the user wishes: from bottom to top to highlight a slender tree, or in crossfire to highlight a plant vault ... To mark out an aisle, a pair of bollards that diffuse at ground level turns out to be an effective solution. Mainly combined with a proximity sensor. Another avenue: replace certain paving stones on a path with glass rectangles containing diodes. Solar equipment can also be very useful, in particular for lighting the steps of a staircase or walking without hindrance on paths far from the house…> More info: www.chaussabel-paysages.com www.atoutvert. Fr